Card Games are the most popular sport in the gambling world
from Sydney to Seattle. Djibouti to Dublin, from Rome to Rio.
Every country has it’s own card game. A deck of cards is
probably the most common “sports good” in the entire
world. The most common of these card games can be broadly
divided into 3 categories. Pinochle family of card games,
which includes games like Skat (German origin), Bezique (France)
and Pinochle. Another category is the Rummy family of games.
Games like Gin, Canasta (Uruguay) and Rummy. The last category
is the Gambling family of which are games like Blackjack,
Baccarat and Poker.
Although it is widely believed that the playing cards
originated in China, circa 969 AD, it is highly unlikely.
Taking a look at the present dominoes, which are their modern
day deck, it is difficult to imagine a derivation since the
dominoes are nothing like what we have today. Another claim
for the origin could probably be the Egyptians. Fragments of
what could be playing cards were found near Mameluks and were
dated to around 1400. The deck consisted of 52 cards with
suits of polo-sticks, coins, cups and swords. They also have
the same royalty hierarchy that the present day cards have. It
has been proposed that these cards originated from the Indian
game of Ganjifa.
The first known mention of cards in Europe occurred in 1371 in
Spain. The game mentioned was the present day naipes, the
spelling (in the Catalan document) being naip. From then
onwards card games featured prominently in city law books,
with statutes for and against gambling were repeatedly passed
in Italy, France and Germany. They also went through various
design changes of their suits like traditional Swiss (Shields,
Flowers, Bells, and Acorns) and German (Hearts, Leaves, Bells,
Acorns) suits and finally settling with France’s national
suits of the Diamonds, Hearts, Spades and Clubs. The earliest
known usage of Tarot’s was in 1750 in Bologna, where normal
playing cards were use for fortune telling. Cartomancy, or
fortune telling with cards, became famous only in the 1760’s
with the development of solitaire. The cards came to the
American mainland along with the British and it was in 1857
that American Euchre players introduced the concept of Joker.
Poker Card Games
Although it is widely believed that Poker originated from the
Chinese game, which was played with dominoes, there are few
that believe that Poker originated from the Persian game as
nas. This game required 25 cards with 5 suits. The English
game primero (primera for the Spanish) is widely regarded as
an ancestor of the modern day Poker. Its valued hands were (descending) Chorus: Four of a kind (e.g., four sixes) Fluxus: Four cards of the same suit, equivalent to a
poker flush (e.g., 2, 4, A, and 6 of hearts) Supremus: Ace, 6, and 7 of the same suit (e.g., A, 6, 7
of spaces, 3 of diamonds). Primero: One card of each suit (e.g., 3 of hearts, 5 of
diamonds, K of spades, 7 of clubs) Numerus: Two or three cards of the same suit. This is
by far the most common hand (e.g., Q, 4, 6 of clubs, and 4 of
Another theory points to the French game poque. The French who
came to New Orleans in 1840 played this game, which involved
betting and bluffing. From New Orleans the game traveled, via
the riverboats of the Mississippi and the Ohio to the rest of
America. The Poker game spread via wagon and train to the Wild
West, which embraced the betting game and gave it the glamour
that it has today. Although gambling was outlawed in Nevada in
1910, it was established that draw poker, being based wholly
on skill, could not be prevented by the antigambling laws.
Thus games based on draw poker came into prominence. It was in
1931 that the state of Nevada legalized casino gambling.
Rules and Poker Hands
The objective of the Poker game is to arrange the cards into
sets (commonly called “hands”).
Primarily being a betting game, Poker game begins with each
player having a minimum amount of money. At the beginning of
each hand the players bets a small amount of money, known as
the “ante”(some variants of poker use alternatives to
antes called blind bets). The total money bet by the players
is called the pot. The player with the best hand usually takes
Whenever a bet is made, other players must match this bet or
bet more just to stay in the game. Thus they can either raise
the pot or fold out if they do not think they can take the
its many Variants:
Most variants of Poker came into prominence in the mid-1900’s.
The standard order of Poker applies to most of the games. But
to specify a poker game, one has to know the value of the
Poker hands used, number of rounds of betting, the game play
between these rounds and the basic betting structure. Some of
them are listed below.
Draw poker is generally regarded as the standard poker
form. It is usually played by three to seven players. The game
begins with each player receiving a set number of cards. He
later has the opportunity to replace some or all of them. At
the start of play, each player is dealt five cards; all face
down, one at a time. The remaining deck is placed aside.
Players can now take a look at their cards but must take care
so as not to conceal them to anyone else. The first betting
round occurs at this point, starting with the player to the
dealer's left. Players are given to drop out of the game here.
If more than one player remains after this round, the "draw"
phase begins. Each player specifies how many of his cards he
wishes to replace, and discards that many from his hand. The
remaining deck (deck stub) is taken and after a “burnt”
card is dealt, each player is dealt the exact number of cards
he discarded. It is important that each player discards the
cards before he replaces them. After this draw phase, another
round of betting occurs. This goes on until one player remains
in the end.
A common rule in many games is that a player cannot replace
more than three cards. This rule is only needed for low-limit
social games where many players will stay for the draw, and
will help avoid depletion of the deck stub. In more serious
games such as those played in casinos it is unnecessary and
generally not used. A rule commonly used in many casinos is
that a player is not allowed to draw five consecutive cards
(after discarding all his original cards). He is only given
four of them after which the other players are given their
draws. Only then can he take his last card.
Another common house rule is that the bottom card of the deck
is never given as a replacement, to avoid the possibility of
someone who might have seen it during the deal using that
information. If the deck stub is depleted during the draw
before all players have received their replacements, the last
players can receive cards chosen randomly from among those
discarded by previous players.
Some games of Poker also contain a wild card. This implies
that a wild card can be used to represent any card in the
deck. Most times there is a lower limit to the ante and upper
limit to the pot, this implies that each bet has to be atleast
equal to the lower limit and the total pot cannot exceed the
Poker @ Party Poker.com
Virtual poker at PartyPoker.com is best in the world of
online Poker rooms because of its amazing interactive nature
and the large number of players on our network. Also the
prizes offered by us are unmatched in the world of Online
Poker. Our PartyPoker.com Million tournament is the most
famous Poker tournament outside the real world. The rewards
and bonuses we offer to regular players are second to none.